China, India, Kenya,
Madagascar, Tanzania, Thailand, Vietnam
1.76 - 1.77
3.90 - 4.10
Ruby derives its name from the Latin word for red, “rufus”. The beauty,
rarity and historical mystique of Rubies are undeniable. Ruby is July's
birthstone, the gemstone for Capricorns and the traditional 15th and
40th anniversary gift.
With the earliest record for the mining of Rubies dating to more than
2,500 years ago, the historical mystique and beauty of Rubies is as
colorful as the legends and lore that surround this most precious of
Prized throughout history, many believed that mystical powers lay hidden
within this intensely colored red gemstone. The fiery crimson color of
Rubies caused many civilizations to associate them with passion, love
and romance. Rubies were also thought to bestow wisdom, health and luck
Mentioned in Sanskrit texts, the ancient Hindus were so enchanted by the
color of Rubies that they called them Ratnaraj “the king of gems”. The
ancient Hindus thought that the colors of Rubies were due to an
inextinguishable fire that burned inside the gem which would endow its’
wearer with long life and even cause water to boil!
As in Sanskrit texts, biblical references to Ruby (all red gemstones
were collectively called Carbuncle at this time) refer to it as a most
precious gem. In the King James version of the Bible, Ruby (Carbuncle)
is mentioned four times:
on Auction starting from $1
And thou shalt set in it settings of stones, even four rows of stones:
the first row shall be a Sardius, a Topaz, and a Carbuncle: this shall
be the first row.
And they set in it four rows of stones: the first row was a Sardius, a
Topaz, and a Carbuncle: this was the first row.
Thou hast been in Eden the garden of God; every precious stone was thy
covering, the Sardius, Topaz, and the Diamond, the Beryl, the Onyx, and
the Jasper, the Sapphire, the Emerald, and the Carbuncle, and Gold: the
workmanship of thy tabrets and of thy pipes was prepared in thee in the
day that thou wast created.
And I will make thy windows of agates, and thy gates of Carbuncles, and
all thy borders of pleasant stones.
Interestingly, the gems called “Rubies” in the Old Testament may have
actually been Spinel or Garnet. Up until the 18th century, when chemical
testing was improved, most red gems were called Rubies. In fact, many of
the famous Rubies in the crown jewels of Europe have since been
identified as Spinel or Garnet. For example, the Black Prince Ruby that
rests proudly at the center of the British Imperial State Crown is
actually a red Spinel!
Ancient Ceylonese legends (modern day Sri Lanka) relate the story of the
destruction of their demonic King Ravana. They believed that after his
demise, his blood set into Rubies resulting in their intense red color.
Native Americans believed that offerings of a fine Ruby resulted in
rebirth as a powerful Chief.
Some cultures believed Ruby's blood-like color would protect the wearer
from injury. In fact, ancient Burmese warriors believed that when a Ruby
was inserted beneath the skin it generated a mystical force, making them
unconquerable in battle.
In the 13th century, the renowned explorer Marco Polo wrote that Kublai
Kahn, the Mongol Emperor of China, once offered an entire city for a
Ruby the size of a man’s finger.
Because of its fluorescent properties, a giant Ruby once lit an entire
chamber in a palace of a Chinese emperor!
In the Middle Ages, Rubies were thought to contain prophetic powers. It
was believed that a Ruby could warn its owner of misfortunes by
deepening in color.
Like many “allochromatic” (other colored) gems whose colors are due to
trace elements, apart from their color, Rubies are identical to
Sapphires. Rubies and Sapphires are comprised of the mineral known as
Corundum. The crystalline form of aluminum oxide, the name Corundum is
believed to be derived from three ancient Tamil, Hindi and Sanskrit
words for Rubies and Sapphires, “kurundam”, “kurund” or “kuruvinda”
Did you know that Rubies are rarer than Diamonds? In the last 60 years
hardly a month has passed without a new Diamond deposit being
discovered. In contrast, Rubies are only found in a handful of mines
Did you know that Rubies are more expensive than Diamonds? A 16 carat
Ruby that sold at Sotheby’s in New York in October 1988 fetched a
Second only to Diamonds in hardness, Rubies are one of the toughest
gemstones and with no cleavage, breakage rarely occurs. This combined
with the fact that Rubies come in many different shapes and sizes, makes
them perfect for all types of jewelry.
While color preferences are subjective, the best Rubies possess an
intense, almost electric red effect due to fluorescence. Color is the
most important factor when evaluating Rubies. While cutting and size
(fine Rubies over 3 carats are very scarce) is also important,
transparency is secondary. Why is this? Colored by chromium and other
trace elements, Rubies formed millions of years ago deep within the
earth. As very few Rubies crystallized undisturbed, a whole host of tiny
irregularities (inclusions) are a characteristic of their formation. Far
from being flaws, inclusions are also a fascinating hallmark of
authenticity that records a gem’s natural relationship with the Earth.
Microscopic rutile inclusions, commonly known as “silk”, are a normal
characteristic of Rubies. When evenly distributed, small quantities of
“silk” enhance a Ruby’s beauty by creating a soft uniform distribution
of light or sparkle.
Asterism or the “star effect” is a reflection effect that appears as two
or more intersecting bands of light across the surface of a gem. This
rare phenomenon is found in both Rubies and Sapphires.
As Rubies come in many different colors and sizes, ultimately, your
personal preference should be your primary concern. But what is the
difference between a Royal and Majestic Ruby? At ehotbid.com, “Royal” relates
to size (2 carats or more) and “Majestic” relates to quality (color and
clarity). However, by calling a gem “Majestic” we are not suggesting
that it is the best quality available anywhere, simply some of the best
available at ehotbid.com.
Our Madagascan Rubies are mined at high altitude, deep within an
impenetrable jungle. The only way to reach the Ruby mines near the
mining village of Moramanga is by helicopter or a grueling long day's
trek (11 hours) on a muddy trail through dense mountainous rainforest
from the Madagascan town of Andilamena. A relatively new deposit found
in July 2004 yields our Majestic Ruby.
Apart from Madagascar, we also source Rubies from Vietnam, Tanzania,
Kenya, Sri Lanka, China, and of course Thailand. However, strict
environmental regulations combined with depletion have resulted in the
reduction of Thai gem mining.
With approximately 80% of the world’s Rubies passing though Chanthaburi,
Thailand (the home town of the eHotbid.com workshops) our craftspeople are
the first to choose the finest examples. We use Rubies when handcrafting
all manner of gorgeous jewelry and being the gem of love and passion,
heart shaped Rubies are hard to resist. Next time you need a bit of
passion in your life, tune into ehotbid.com.